Joints are part of almost every daily activity. Basic movements like walking, squatting, bending, turning, and moving your arms involve knee, hip, and elbow joints. Normally, joints work together in harmony and without causing pain. However, when the joint becomes diseased or injured, pain is often the first indicator.
The following are a few of the most common reasons for joint pain:
OSTEOARTHRITIS (OA): Also known as “degenerative arthritis” because it is a gradual wearing out or breakdown of cartilage in the joint. If enough cartilage wears away, bones can start to rub against one another, resulting in stiffness and pain. OA usually occurs in people 50 years and older.
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA): A chronic inflammatory disorder that causes chemical changes in the synovium. The synovial fluid begins to destroy cartilage. This cartilage loss will also cause stiffness and pain.
POST TRAUMATIC ARTHRITIS: May occur after an injury if the bone and cartilage do not heal correctly. If the joint is no longer aligned correctly, this irregularity could lead to future wear on joint surfaces.
AVASCULAR NECROSIS: Can occur when the joint is deprived of its normal blood supply. Without adequate nutrition from the blood, the bones structure could weaken or collapse and damage cartilage.
Fortunately, there are many treatment options to help alleviate joint pain. In order to determine optimal treatment, a physical evaluation is the first step. Orthopedic evaluations generally involve going over your medical history and performing a physical examination, X-rays, tests as needed.
Based on the diagnosis, there are several treatment options which might include lifestyle modifications, non-surgical interventions, or surgery.
Most often, conservative treatment is the best answer. The goal is for you to enjoy life as pain free as possible. Daily activity is essential to your overall mental, physical, and spiritual well-being.
Dr. Jean Simard is an Orthopedic Surgeon with Specialty Orthopedics. To Schedule an appointment call (901) 682-9161 or visit http://www.specialtyorthopedicsmemphis.com.